The concept of organic farming is currently experiencing very rapid development, especially in terms of climate change. The decline in soil quality is due to the use of agricultural supporting facilities such as fertilizers, pesticides and agricultural mechanization which predominantly uses chemicals and fossil fuels. This will all increase the release of emissions into the air.
In order to reduce the impact of climate change, rare adaptation is a solution in developing agriculture. Rare adaptation includes the utilization of local potential in a broad sense such as the use of local varieties that are more adaptive, the use of compost materials based on local potential (forage, manure, local micro-organisms) which are supported by appropriate cultivation techniques while taking into account existing local wisdoms. has developed from generation to generation. In simple terms innovation that adapts
Seed is an important element in the development of organic agriculture. In practice, the national superior seeds produced by large companies are not yet promising, because they are usually packaged with the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Meanwhile the development of organic agriculture emphasizes reducing the use of chemicals, independence and sustainability
As said earlier that seed is an important element, organic farming activists, especially at the small farmer level, need to be equipped with knowledge and techniques for preparing seeds, which is better known as seed selection. On this occasion the selection of seeds described is the selection of seeds on katokkon chili plants.
Rare seed selection
1. Selection on land
Selection in the field is the first step in carrying out the selection, at this stage farmers are directed
an to see whether or not the population is homogeneous at the planting site. Usually this homogeneity focuses on uniform plant height and species (no mixture of other types). It is very possible that if the plant height is not uniform, the potential for interbreeding with other types is very large.
2. individual selection
The next step is individual selection directed at seeing that the prospective seed production plants are healthy, not attacked by pests and diseases and not side by side with other types.
3. Fruit selection
For fruit selection, it is done by looking at fruits that are almost uniform in terms of shape, ripeness, and fruit health. In the case of a uniform shape, it is expected that a uniform shape indicates no contamination with other types. Several incidents in the field show that one plant produces different fruit shapes, such as fruit shapes that are flat, sharp and fruit grooves.
The fruit groove is the shape of the outer side of the fruit from top to bottom, in this case it shows the existence of grooves from top to bottom which show differences such as deep grooves and shallow grooves, there are also irregular and some irregular grooves. Choose fruit with a flat bottom, shallow and regular grooves.
It is also necessary to pay attention to ripeness because the same level of ripeness indicates that the fruits are processed at the same time. In general, fruit selection with a uniform level of maturity occurs in the second and third harvests. This condition also shows that the condition of the fruit is still healthy.
The health of the selected fruit can be seen from the color of the fruit. Healthy fruit can be seen uniformity of fruit color, because unhealthy fruit color is not uniform with the presence of color spots. Healthy fruit when it is ripe is red in color, and unhealthy fruit will be marked with red fruit but with green or brown spots. The presence of brown spots indicates that the fruit is attacked by fruit fly pests or due to a virus attack that causes fruit rot
4. Seed selection
Seed selection is the next selection of fruit selection. Because inside the fruit lies the seed, to make this selection you have to remove the fruit skin carefully. The seeds that we take are the seeds that are in the middle of about 2/4 parts or in other words the seeds that are at the top end and the bottom end we get rid of.
Furthermore, the selected seeds are washed and then air-dried until dry.
Handling selected seeds
The next step is how to handle the seeds that we have selected. Seeds that are sufficiently dry are packed using plastic bags and pinched so that they become airtight.